What is Patient- and Family-Centered Care?
What is patient- and family-centered health care?
It is an approach to care where patients, families and health-care professionals form a working partnership that benefits everyone involved. A “family” is recognized as anyone whom patients regard as significant in their lives. Families are not considered “visitors” but essential nurturers, caregivers and participants in the care and decisions that affect the total healing of the child.
The core concepts of patient- and family-centered care:
Respect and dignity. Health care practitioners listen to and honor patient and family perspectives and choices. Patient and family knowledge, values, beliefs and cultural backgrounds are incorporated into the planning and delivery of care.
Information Sharing. Health care practitioners communicate and share complete and unbiased information with patients and families in ways that are affirming and useful. Patients and families receive timely, complete, and accurate information in order to effectively participate in care and decision-making.
Participation. Patients and families are encouraged and supported in participating in care and decision-making at the level they choose.
Collaboration. Patients and families are also included on an institution-wide basis. Health care leaders collaborate with patients and families in policy and program development, implementation, and evaluation; in health care facility design; and in professional education, as well as in the delivery of care.