Is this your child's symptom?
- Red or pink rash on one small part of the body (localized)
- Small spots, large spots or solid redness
- Includes redness from skin irritation
Causes of Localized Rash or Redness
- Irritants. A rash in just one spot is usually caused by skin contact with an irritant.
- Plants. Many plants cause skin reactions. Sap from evergreens can cause a red area.
- Pollen. Playing in the grass can cause a pink rash on exposed skin.
- Pet Saliva. Some people get a rash where a dog or cat has licked them.
- Food. Some children get a rash if a food is rubbed on the skin. An example could be a fresh fruit. Some babies get hives around the mouth from drooling while eating a new food.
- Chemicals. Many of the products used in the home can be irritating to the skin.
- Insect Bite. Local redness and swelling is a reaction to the insect's saliva. Can be very large without being an allergy. Kids often get mosquito bites without anyone noticing it.
- Bee Sting. Local redness and swelling is a reaction to the bee's venom. Can be very large without being an allergy.
- Cellulitis. This is a bacterial infection of the skin. The main symptom is a red area that keeps spreading. Starts from a break in the skin (such as a scratched insect bite). The red area is painful to the touch.
- Other Common Causes. Look at the "See Other Care Guide" section. 8 rashes that you may be able to recognize are listed there. If you suspect one of them, go there. If not, use this guide.
Localized Versus Widespread Rash: How to Decide
- Localized means the rash occurs on one small part of the body. Usually, the rash is just on one side of the body. An example is a rash on 1 foot. Exceptions: Athlete's foot can occur on both feet. Insect bites can be scattered.
- Widespread means the rash occurs on larger areas. Examples are both legs or the entire back. Widespread can also be on most of the body surface. Widespread rashes always occur on matching (both) sides of the body. Many viral rashes are on the chest, stomach and back.
- The cause of a widespread rash usually goes through the blood stream. Examples are rashes caused by viruses, bacteria, toxins, and food or drug allergies.
- The cause of a localized rash usually is just from contact with the skin. Examples are rashes caused by chemicals, allergens, insect bites, ringworm fungus, bacteria or irritants.
- This is why it's important to make this distinction.
Contact dermatitis is a common cause of a rash in one area. This is especially true of a small rash that will not go away. Contact dermatitis usually starts as raised red spots. It can change to blisters, as in poison ivy. The rash is itchy. Contact dermatitis is an allergic skin rash. The location of the rash may suggest the cause:
- Poison ivy or oak: exposed areas, such as the hands.
- Nickel (metal): anywhere the metal has touched the skin. (Neck from necklaces, earlobe from earrings, or fingers from rings. Stomach from metal snap inside pants, wrist from watch, or face from eyeglass frames.)
- Tanning agents in leather: tops of the feet from shoes or hands from leather gloves
- Preservatives in creams, lotions, cosmetics, sunscreens, shampoos: where applied
- Neomycin in antibiotic ointment: where applied
Care Advice for Localized Rashes
- What You Should Know About Localized Rashes:
- Most new localized rashes are due to skin contact with an irritating substance.
- Here is some care advice that should help.
- Avoid the Cause:
- Try to find the cause.
- Consider irritants like a plant (such as evergreens or weeds). Also, chemicals (such as solvents or insecticides). Irritants also can include fiberglass or detergents. A new cosmetic or new jewelry (such as nickel) may also be the cause.
- A pet may carry the irritant, as with poison ivy or oak. Also, your child could react directly to pet saliva.
- Review the list of causes for contact dermatitis.
- Do Not Use Soap:
- Wash the red area once with soap to remove any remaining irritants.
- Then, do not use soaps on it. Reason: Soaps can slow healing.
- Cleanse the area when needed with warm water.
- Cold Soaks for Itching:
- Use a cold wet washcloth or soak in cold water for 20 minutes.
- Do this every 3 to 4 hours as needed. This will help with itching or pain.
- Steroid Cream for Itching:
- If the itch is more than mild, use 1% hydrocortisone cream (such as Cortaid). Put it on the rash.
- No prescription is needed.
- Use it 3 times per day.
- Exception: Do not use for suspected ringworm.
- Try Not to Scratch:
- Help your child not to scratch.
- Cut the fingernails short.
- Return to School:
- Children with localized rashes do not need to miss any child care or school.
- What to Expect:
- Most of these rashes go away in 2 to 3 days.
- Call Your Doctor If:
- Rash spreads or gets worse
- Rash lasts for more than 1 week
- You think your child needs to be seen
- Your child becomes worse
When to see a Doctor
- Not moving or too weak to stand
- You think your child has a life-threatening emergency
- Purple or blood-colored spots or dots that's not from injury or friction
- Age under 1 month old and tiny water blisters
- Your child looks or acts very sick
- You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent
- Bright red area or red streak (but not sunburn)
- Rash is very painful
- Fever is present
- Severe itching
- Looks like a boil, infected sore or other infected rash
- Teenager with a rash on the genitals
- Lyme disease suspected (bull's eye rash and tick bite or contact)
- You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent
- Blisters without a clear cause (Exception: Poison Ivy)
- Pimples (Use an antibiotic ointment until seen)
- Rash grouped in a stripe or band
- Peeling fingers
- Rash lasts more than 7 days
- You have other questions or concerns
- Mild localized rash or redness