Conditions & Treatments

  • Condition

    Pneumonia

    What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection or inflammation in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid. Lobar pneumonia. This affects one or more sections (lobes) of...

  • Condition

    Pneumothorax

    What is a pneumothorax in children? A pneumothorax is an air leak in the lungs. It’s when air from the lungs leaks into the chest area. The leak may start suddenly or may develop slowly. It often occurs in the first 24 to 36 hours...

  • Condition

    Poison Ivy / Poison Oak

    Poison ivy rash is an allergic reaction to poison ivy. Poison ivy is very common plant in the U.S. It is similar to two other plants called poison oak and poison sumac. The plants cause allergic dermatitis....

  • Condition

    Poland Syndrome

    Poland syndrome is a complex genetic deformity in which the chest muscle is underdeveloped or absent....

  • Condition

    Polio

    Poliomyelitis (polio) is a very contagious disease caused by a virus. Most children who are infected with polio have no symptoms....

  • Condition

    Pollakiuria

    Pollakiuria means frequent, abnormal urination during the day....

  • Condition

    Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

    Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a rare genetic disorder. It causes numerous cysts filled with fluid to grow in the kidneys. PKD cysts can reduce kidney function, leading to kidney failure. PKD is the 4th leading cause of kidney failure. People with PKD can also...

  • Condition

    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms caused by a problem with a woman’s hormones. It affects the small organs that store a woman’s eggs (ovaries). But it can also affect the rest of the body....

  • Condition

    Polycythemia

    Polycythemia vera is a serious, but very rare blood disorder in children. With polycythemia vera, the bone marrow makes too many red blood cells....

  • Condition

    Polydactyly

    Although new mothers counting their newborns’ fingers may seem clichéd, in reality the finger count varies from the normal 10 digits more often than many realize. Polydactyly—the presence of extra fingers—occurs in about one out of every 1,000 births. Polydactyly usually involves an extra small...