Oligodendroglioma is a rare type of glioma brain tumor. This type of brain tumor comes from oligodendrocytes which are cells that make up the supportive, glial tissues of the brain. These tumors are soft and grayish pink and often take on a fried egg shape. They are usually found in the cerebral hemisphere, frontal, or temporal sections of the brain.
Types of Oligodendrogliomas
Oligodendrogliomas can be low grade or high grade and are graded A-D.
Grade II Oligodendrogliomas: Low-grade brain tumor
Grade III Oligodendrogliomas: Anaplastic or high grade tumor
Signs and Symptoms of Oligodendroglioma
Below are the common symptoms of a child with oligodendroglioma. However, not every child experiences the same symptoms.
- Personality/behavioral changes
- Short-term memory problems
Oligodendrogliomas are slow growing tumors and may occur years before they are diagnosed. A biopsy of the tumor will confirm the diagnosis and determine the tumor grade.
Treatment of Oligodendrogliomas
Oligodendrogliomas can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Clinical trials are also available for the treatment of oligodendrogliomas.
The Division of Pediatric Oncology at St. Louis Children’s Hospital treats children with oligodendrogliomas.